Baader Meinhof Wagen!


My latest novel, LOVE, GUDRUN ENSSLIN both re-imagines and retells the story of the first generation of The Baader Meinhof Gang. As such, I thought I’d dedicate this blog to a little-known adjunct to the Baader Meinhof story: the legend of the ‘Baader Meinhof Wagen’ and its synonymous identification with the BMW 2002.

A BMW 2002 - 'Baader Meinhof Wagen'

The acronym BMW has been said to stand for many different things over the years – including, for a period in West Germany during the late 60s/early 70s, ‘Baader Meinhof Wagen’; a pun on the Red Army Faction’s supposed preference for using hot-wired BMW 2002’s as getaway cars and as their vehicle of choice in other actions. (In truth, the Gang used a variety of vehicles – Mercedes that were donated by ‘schili’ sympathisers and – famously – the Alfa Romeo driven by Astrid Proll during the bold action to free Andreas Baader from captivity at the Dahlem Institut).

Astrid Proll drove the getaway Alfa after Baader's escape from the Dahlem Institut

However, the primary identification of Baader Meinhof with the BMW 2002 prevailed – and the connection is now permanently established. Indeed, several commentators (and motor historians) assert that Baader Meinhof’s original association with the 2002 model was a key reason why BMW was saved from bankruptcy at the tail end of the 1960s. Indeed, it could be very convincingly argued that without Baader Meinhof there would be no BMW car company today!

Baader Meinhof used Mercs and Alfas too!

Certainly Andreas Baader loved fast cars – and reckless driving. His comrades in the Red Army Faction would frequently admonish Andreas for his heedless driving – the risks he took and the needless police attention it was likely to attract (and, in fact, did attract!) On one infamous occasion Andreas was stopped by the police for his erratic driving – and ended up in custody (albeit with the arresting officer being completely unaware of his true identity). It’s an incident I have recreated in the pages of LOVE, GUDRUN ENSSLIN.

A Mercedes 300 SEL from the Baader Meinhof era

The faster and more expensive the car, the more Andreas enjoyed himself behind the wheel. He’d been driving a Porsche on the day of his capture and, while on the run in Paris, he careered around the streets of the French capital in a donated Mercedes. I’ve used cars and the car industry as a thematic sub-text in my novel – the maverick anarchist character, Rory Carlisle, who unleashes the (fictional) ex-Baader Meinhof operative, Georg Krendler, on today’s bankers has inherited his initial wealth from the German car dealership business of his father. I’ve also given him a Mercedes CLS as one of his main vehicles.

A modern Merc CLS - a central character in my novel drives a maroon one

But it is still the connection with the BMW 2002 that is automatically made whenever the phrase ‘Baader Meinhof Wagen’ appears on the internet or in the Press. So synonymous was this car with the revolutionary group that BMW drivers in West Germany at the time of Baader Meinhof used to display a bumper sticker that read “Ich gehöre nicht zur Baader-Meinhof Gruppe” (“I do not belong to the Baader Meinhof Group”) Such was the presumed connection between the Gang and BMWs that, for a time, the West German police would often stop only passing BMWs at their road blocks. Ironically, the Red Army Faction operatives would simply drive through in their stolen Mercedes!

Did the Baader Meinhof connection save BMW?

There is one further curio relating to the connection between Baader Meinhof and cars that I uncovered during my research. I’m not sure if it is completely true or entirely an urban myth – or, as with so many things, some strange hybrid of both. However, it is quite possible that the Baader Meinhof Gang actually invented the ‘stinger’ (or, as it is known to Americans, the ‘spike strip’) – albeit as an anti-police weapon rather than a law and order device!

Did Baader Meinhof's mechanics invent the 'Stinger'?

It is certainly a fact that, for a time, the Baader Meinhof Gang had two very talented car mechanics working for them – respraying, souping-up and otherwise modifying stolen vehicles for use in bank raids and the like. It is also true that these same mechanics invented a rudimentary version of a stinger to be thrown out of a car window and directly under the tyres of any pursuing police vehicle. Try as I might, I have been unable to detect any history of a stinger-type device in use prior to Baader Meinhof’s innovation…leading me to the conclusion that the Gang effectively invented this particular apparatus. (However, I remain wholly amenable to any historian of ‘tyre deflation technology’ wishing to post here on my blog in order to set the record straight in either direction!)

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8 Responses to Baader Meinhof Wagen!

  1. Poppet says:

    the stinger bit is super interesting. That’s a real middle finger at the establishment.

  2. Ernunnos says:

    I just ran across this scan from a Mechanix Illustrated magazine showing an early version of the spike strip from Sweden circa 1960. That made me curious and I found your blog while searching for other information on the origins. This early Swedish example seems to have been totally overlooked by everyone.

    And now I know more than I ever did about the cars of the Baader Meinhof gang. Ah, the internet is wonderful…

  3. Mike says:

    No, the spike strip was invented in the U.S. sometime around 1928.

    Proof of this can be seen on page 34 of the December Popular Science which can
    be seen on google books.

    Much like other inventions done in the U.S. along time ago, and credited to someone
    else.

  4. that’s a great story! It made me curious about your book.

    • Simon says:

      hi manuel. many thanks for posting – it’s great to get feedback on the blog. i do hope you enjoy the book if you go ahead and buy it :) cheers simon

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